Plain Proof Jesus is the Son of God



Most scholars of antiquity agree that Jesus Christ was an historical figure, yet not all are in agreement concerning His identity. It is without question that no other individual has had such an impact on the world. It is estimated that there are over two billion people in the world who profess to believe in Jesus Christ. If you were to take time to read the Gospel accounts of the ministry of Jesus it will become clear that He was not an individual that you could ignore. What were His claims? Jesus Christ made the clear and bold claim that He is the promised Messiah and the Son of God.


The passage that we are considering in this message begins in a really confronting way: “the Jews picked up stones again to stone Him” (). Where did that come from? This was an act of capital punishment, however it was not being carried out by means of a legal process. This was simply an angry emotional response to what Jesus had just said in the previous verse. There He said, “I and the Father are one” (10:30). It was that statement that fuelled their burning hatred toward Jesus. There was no mistake in their minds that Jesus had just claimed equality with God, thus making Himself also God. After they respond with rage, Jesus calmly, yet authoritatively answered them,


“I have shown you many good works from the Father; for which of them are you going to stone me?” The Jews answered him, “It is not for a good work that we are going to stone you but for blasphemy, because you, being a man, make yourself God” ().


There is the issue. Jesus claimed to be God, and therefore they wanted to kill Him. Before such rage occurred, the question they should have asked, and the question we need to ask is this: is Jesus the Son of God? Before Jesus made the claim that He is God (10:30), they did request a plain statement concerning Jesus’ identity (10:24), but sadly they were not prepared to consider the evidence. In this passage we will see two lines of evidence that prove that Jesus is the Son of God.


These of course are not the only reasons that provide evidence for His claims. There are things like the way His life fulfilled over 100 prophecies, His character, and His death, burial and resurrection. But in the passage before us only two lines of evidence are provided, and this would primarily be due to the fact that His listeners desired for Him to tell them “plainly” (). Let us now consider the two lines of evidence given by Jesus that provides plain proof that He is the Son of God.


1. HIS WORDS (10:34-36)
The first line of evidence that Jesus provides is His Words. Without any question, Jesus had made it clear that by means of His own words, He is claiming to be the Son of God. Jesus didn’t claim to be some caring role model, a mere teacher, or a leader of social justice or reform. Jesus made the undeniable and bold claim that He is God. Before we consider , let us reflect on some earlier examples from His words. After receiving a series of criticisms from the religious leaders, Jesus stated, “Before Abraham was, I am” (). With clarity Jesus is claiming to be eternal (cf. ). Furthermore, He gives Himself the name of God that Moses heard at the burning bush (). After hearing that, they attempted to stone Him (8:59). As we saw in the last message Jesus said, “I and the Father are one” (). Here Jesus is making the point that though He and the Father are distinct persons, they are one in essence. Again, they wanted to kill Him (10:31). By means of His own words, Jesus had made it clear that He is God.


Now in , Jesus makes the point that He is God. We read,


Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your Law, ‘I said, you are gods’? If he called them gods to whom the word of God came—and Scripture cannot be broken—do you say of him whom the Father consecrated and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’? (10:34-36)


The religious leaders wanted to stone Jesus to death because they rightly understood the point He was making. Because Jesus claimed to be the Son of God, they charged Him of blasphemy. Jesus refutes this claim by quoting from (A Psalm about human judges). The important point that Jesus makes is that if these judges are called “gods” in the sense that they represent God, how much more should Jesus be called the Son of God when He is actually the Son of God. Incidentally, notice the high view Jesus had of the Scriptures. He calls them the “word of God” and that they “cannot be broken” (10:35). His whole argument is based really on one word from (“gods”). Yet because it is Scripture His argument is solid. Take comfort in the authority of the Scriptures for they are the Word of God.


2. HIS WORKS (10:32, 37-38)
After providing the evidence from His own words, Jesus now backs up this claim by providing a second line of evidence, which is His Works. It is one thing to say that you are something; it is another thing to prove it by your actions. Jesus said, “I have shown you many good works from the Father; for which of them are you going to stone me?” (10:32). The “many good works” that Jesus is referring to here include all the actions that He did in His ministry, but the primary focus in on His miracles. Jesus performed many miracles in His ministry, but in the Gospel of John we read about seven of them: He turned water into wine (); He healed the official’s son (); He healed the invalid (); He fed the multitude (); He walked on water (), He healed the man born blind (), and he raised Lazarus from the dead (). Each of these great miraculous works was truly amazing. But what made them significant is that they pointed to the power and person of Jesus. In this message we don’t have time to consider each of them, so let’s use one of them as an example.


After performing a number of miracles there was assembled before Jesus a starving multitude (6:5-9). Five barley loaves and two small fish were presented to Him (6:9). Then suddenly, Jesus performed a satisfying miracle. The food was distributed and the people ate “as much as they wanted” (6:11). This was truly a satisfying miracle. There was a crowd of thousands without food and supplies; then Jesus provided more than they needed. Because this is a sign, what does it teach us? Just like this hungry crowd, all humanity is in need of spiritual food that provides eternal satisfaction. Jesus goes on to call Himself the “bread of life” (6:35) to bring this point home. He alone can provide the human soul with sustenance and satisfaction that is eternal. Jesus performed this amazing miraculous work that revealed His Divine power and person.


Concerning these miraculous works, Jesus said,


If I am not doing the works of my Father, then do not believe me; but if I do them, even though you do not believe me, believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me and I am in the Father” (10:37-38).


His works were a clear testimony to who He was. It is interesting to note, that when it came to the miraculous works of Jesus on earth, none of His enemies denied or refuted them. All they could do was question the source of His power. Consider the powerful works of the Lord Jesus Christ.
The words and works of Jesus must not be ignored if one is going to consider and investigate His claims. As you take time to carefully consider what they reveal, plain proof is provided so as to validate His claims. What makes this so important? Firstly, if Jesus is not who He claimed to be, Christianity is to be rendered powerless and useless. However, if Jesus is who He says He is, then there are some significant implications:


He is the only Way to be Forgiven
If Jesus is who He said He is, then He is the only way to be forgiven. He alone has the authority to forgive you of all your sins (; ; ). Jesus warned, “for unless you believe that I am he you will die in your sins” ().


He is the only Way to Heaven
Jesus said it very plainly, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father but through Me” (). This means that you can’t get to Heaven by good intentions, religious deeds or good works. There is only one way and that is through Jesus Christ.


He is coming back as Judge
The time is coming when every single person in history will one day be raised up and will stand before God. With authority and command, the Lord Jesus Christ will speak and the dead will be raised. This will occur because the Father “has given Him authority to execute judgment, because He is the Son of Man” (). As judge He will grant those forgiven of their sins eternal life and those who rejected Him will be sent to eternal punishment.


Jesus provided His hearers with plain proof as to why He is the Son of God. If you are a believer, continue to love and long for your Saviour. Submit to Him and serve Him. If you are not a believer, recognise your sin, repent and believe in Jesus, knowing that He is the only way you can be forgiven, because “there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved” ().


31 The Jews picked up stones again to stone him.

33 The Jews answered him, “It is not for a good work that we are going to stone you but for blasphemy, because you, being a man, make yourself God.” 34 Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your Law, ‘I said, you are gods’?

24 So the Jews gathered around him and said to him, “How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell us plainly.”

34 Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your Law, ‘I said, you are gods’? 35 If he called them gods to whom the word of God came—and Scripture cannot be broken— 36 do you say of him whom the Father consecrated and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’?

58 Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.”

1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

11 But Moses said to God, “Who am I that I should go to Pharaoh and bring the children of Israel out of Egypt?”

30 I and the Father are one.”

34 Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your Law, ‘I said, you are gods’? 35 If he called them gods to whom the word of God came—and Scripture cannot be broken— 36 do you say of him whom the Father consecrated and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’?

I said, “You are gods,
sons of the Most High, all of you;

82:1 God has taken his place in the divine council;
in the midst of the gods he holds judgment:
“How long will you judge unjustly
and show partiality to the wicked? Selah
Give justice to the weak and the fatherless;
maintain the right of the afflicted and the destitute.
Rescue the weak and the needy;
deliver them from the hand of the wicked.”

They have neither knowledge nor understanding,
they walk about in darkness;
all the foundations of the earth are shaken.

I said, “You are gods,
sons of the Most High, all of you;
nevertheless, like men you shall die,
and fall like any prince.”

Arise, O God, judge the earth;
for you shall inherit all the nations!

2:1 On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.” His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”

Now there were six stone water jars there for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons. Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water.” And they filled them up to the brim. And he said to them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the feast.” So they took it. When the master of the feast tasted the water now become wine, and did not know where it came from (though the servants who had drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the bridegroom 10 and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the good wine until now.” 11 This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him.

46 So he came again to Cana in Galilee, where he had made the water wine. And at Capernaum there was an official whose son was ill. 47 When this man heard that Jesus had come from Judea to Galilee, he went to him and asked him to come down and heal his son, for he was at the point of death. 48 So Jesus said to him, “Unless you see signs and wonders you will not believe.” 49 The official said to him, “Sir, come down before my child dies.” 50 Jesus said to him, “Go; your son will live.” The man believed the word that Jesus spoke to him and went on his way. 51 As he was going down, his servants met him and told him that his son was recovering. 52 So he asked them the hour when he began to get better, and they said to him, “Yesterday at the seventh hour the fever left him.” 53 The father knew that was the hour when Jesus had said to him, “Your son will live.” And he himself believed, and all his household. 54 This was now the second sign that Jesus did when he had come from Judea to Galilee.

5:1 After this there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

Now there is in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate a pool, in Aramaic called Bethesda, which has five roofed colonnades. In these lay a multitude of invalids—blind, lame, and paralyzed. One man was there who had been an invalid for thirty-eight years. When Jesus saw him lying there and knew that he had already been there a long time, he said to him, “Do you want to be healed?” The sick man answered him, “Sir, I have no one to put me into the pool when the water is stirred up, and while I am going another steps down before me.” Jesus said to him, “Get up, take up your bed, and walk.” And at once the man was healed, and he took up his bed and walked.

Now that day was the Sabbath. 10 So the Jews said to the man who had been healed, “It is the Sabbath, and it is not lawful for you to take up your bed.” 11 But he answered them, “The man who healed me, that man said to me, ‘Take up your bed, and walk.’12 They asked him, “Who is the man who said to you, ‘Take up your bed and walk’?” 13 Now the man who had been healed did not know who it was, for Jesus had withdrawn, as there was a crowd in the place. 14 Afterward Jesus found him in the temple and said to him, “See, you are well! Sin no more, that nothing worse may happen to you.” 15 The man went away and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had healed him.

6:1 After this Jesus went away to the other side of the Sea of Galilee, which is the Sea of Tiberias. And a large crowd was following him, because they saw the signs that he was doing on the sick. Jesus went up on the mountain, and there he sat down with his disciples. Now the Passover, the feast of the Jews, was at hand. Lifting up his eyes, then, and seeing that a large crowd was coming toward him, Jesus said to Philip, “Where are we to buy bread, so that these people may eat?” He said this to test him, for he himself knew what he would do. Philip answered him, “Two hundred denarii would not buy enough bread for each of them to get a little.” One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, said to him, “There is a boy here who has five barley loaves and two fish, but what are they for so many?” 10 Jesus said, “Have the people sit down.” Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, about five thousand in number. 11 Jesus then took the loaves, and when he had given thanks, he distributed them to those who were seated. So also the fish, as much as they wanted. 12 And when they had eaten their fill, he told his disciples, “Gather up the leftover fragments, that nothing may be lost.” 13 So they gathered them up and filled twelve baskets with fragments from the five barley loaves left by those who had eaten.

16 When evening came, his disciples went down to the sea, 17 got into a boat, and started across the sea to Capernaum. It was now dark, and Jesus had not yet come to them. 18 The sea became rough because a strong wind was blowing. 19 When they had rowed about three or four miles, they saw Jesus walking on the sea and coming near the boat, and they were frightened. 20 But he said to them, “It is I; do not be afraid.” 21 Then they were glad to take him into the boat, and immediately the boat was at the land to which they were going.

9:1 As he passed by, he saw a man blind from birth. And his disciples asked him, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?” Jesus answered, “It was not that this man sinned, or his parents, but that the works of God might be displayed in him. We must work the works of him who sent me while it is day; night is coming, when no one can work. As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.” Having said these things, he spat on the ground and made mud with the saliva. Then he anointed the man’s eyes with the mud and said to him, “Go, wash in the pool of Siloam” (which means Sent). So he went and washed and came back seeing.

11:1 Now a certain man was ill, Lazarus of Bethany, the village of Mary and her sister Martha. It was Mary who anointed the Lord with ointment and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was ill. So the sisters sent to him, saying, “Lord, he whom you love is ill.” But when Jesus heard it he said, “This illness does not lead to death. It is for the glory of God, so that the Son of God may be glorified through it.”

Now Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus. So, when he heard that Lazarus was ill, he stayed two days longer in the place where he was. Then after this he said to the disciples, “Let us go to Judea again.” The disciples said to him, “Rabbi, the Jews were just now seeking to stone you, and are you going there again?” Jesus answered, “Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world. 10 But if anyone walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him.” 11 After saying these things, he said to them, “Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep, but I go to awaken him.” 12 The disciples said to him, “Lord, if he has fallen asleep, he will recover.” 13 Now Jesus had spoken of his death, but they thought that he meant taking rest in sleep. 14 Then Jesus told them plainly, “Lazarus has died, 15 and for your sake I am glad that I was not there, so that you may believe. But let us go to him.” 16 So Thomas, called the Twin, said to his fellow disciples, “Let us also go, that we may die with him.”

17 Now when Jesus came, he found that Lazarus had already been in the tomb four days. 18 Bethany was near Jerusalem, about two miles off, 19 and many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary to console them concerning their brother. 20 So when Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went and met him, but Mary remained seated in the house. 21 Martha said to Jesus, “Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died. 22 But even now I know that whatever you ask from God, God will give you.” 23 Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.” 24 Martha said to him, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day.” 25 Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. Whoever believes in me, though he die, yet shall he live, 26 and everyone who lives and believes in me shall never die. Do you believe this?” 27 She said to him, “Yes, Lord; I believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, who is coming into the world.”

28 When she had said this, she went and called her sister Mary, saying in private, “The Teacher is here and is calling for you.” 29 And when she heard it, she rose quickly and went to him. 30 Now Jesus had not yet come into the village, but was still in the place where Martha had met him. 31 When the Jews who were with her in the house, consoling her, saw Mary rise quickly and go out, they followed her, supposing that she was going to the tomb to weep there. 32 Now when Mary came to where Jesus was and saw him, she fell at his feet, saying to him, “Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died.” 33 When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who had come with her also weeping, he was deeply moved in his spirit and greatly troubled. 34 And he said, “Where have you laid him?” They said to him, “Lord, come and see.” 35 Jesus wept. 36 So the Jews said, “See how he loved him!” 37 But some of them said, “Could not he who opened the eyes of the blind man also have kept this man from dying?”

38 Then Jesus, deeply moved again, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone lay against it. 39 Jesus said, “Take away the stone.” Martha, the sister of the dead man, said to him, “Lord, by this time there will be an odor, for he has been dead four days.” 40 Jesus said to her, “Did I not tell you that if you believed you would see the glory of God?” 41 So they took away the stone. And Jesus lifted up his eyes and said, “Father, I thank you that you have heard me. 42 I knew that you always hear me, but I said this on account of the people standing around, that they may believe that you sent me.” 43 When he had said these things, he cried out with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come out.” 44 The man who had died came out, his hands and feet bound with linen strips, and his face wrapped with a cloth. Jesus said to them, “Unbind him, and let him go.”

But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”—he then said to the paralytic—“Rise, pick up your bed and go home.” And he rose and went home. When the crowds saw it, they were afraid, and they glorified God, who had given such authority to men.

10 But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”—he said to the paralytic—

24 But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”—he said to the man who was paralyzed—“I say to you, rise, pick up your bed and go home.”

24 I told you that you would die in your sins, for unless you believe that I am he you will die in your sins.”

Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.

27 And he has given him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of Man.

12 And there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.”

Published by

Andrew Courtis

Andrew Courtis

ANDREW - Serves as Pastor of Hills Bible Church. I am married to Dianne and we have three children (Kate, Emma and Jack). I was born and raised in Melbourne, moved to Adelaide to undertake theological studies (BMin.), and have completed additional studies with the Australian College of Theology (MATh.). I have served in pastoral ministry in both Melbourne and Sydney and am a qualified school teacher. I am committed to expository preaching and making the word of God known and understood.